Washington and Moscow are at odds over Ukraine, NATO expansion and civil war in Syria
US President Donald Trump will meet Russian President Vladimir Putin next week in Germany at a summit that brings two world leaders - whose political fortunes have become intertwined - face-to-face for the first time.
Both the Kremlin and the White House announced on Thursday that the pair will meet on the sidelines of the 7-8 July summit of G20 nations in Hamburg.
US National Security Adviser HR McMaster told reporters that no agenda has been set for the meeting, which is fraught with difficulties for Trump.
Allegations that Russia interfered in the US presidential election last year and colluded with the Republicans' campaign have overshadowed the businessman's unexpected victory and dogged his first five months in office.
Russia and the United States are also at odds over Ukraine, NATO expansion and the civil war in Syria where Moscow supports President Bashar al-Assad's government.
READ MORE ►
The United States backs rebel groups trying to overthrow Assad, and Washington angered Moscow by launching missile strikes against a Syrian government air base in April in response to what the White House says was a chemical weapons attack that killed dozens of civilians.
Trump has frequently called for better ties with Russia, but lawmakers in his own Republican Party are urging him to be wary of Moscow.
"As the president has made clear, he'd like the United States and the entire West to develop a more constructive relationship with Russia, but he has also made clear that we will do what is necessary to confront Russia's destabilizing behavior," McMaster said.
US intelligence agencies say Russia hacked and leaked emails of Democratic Party political groups to help Trump win the 2016 election against Democrat Hillary Clinton. Russia denies the allegations and Trump says his team did not collude with Moscow.
Trump raised Russian hackles this week when the White House said it appeared the Syrian military was preparing to conduct a chemical weapons attack and warned that Assad and his forces would "pay a heavy price" if it did so.
Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov warned on Wednesday that Moscow would respond proportionately if the United States took measures against Syrian government forces.
But Lavrov added that it would "probably not be right" if Putin and Trump did not talk at the G20 summit of world economic powers.
In the last days of his presidency, Barack Obama ordered the expulsion of 35 Russian suspected spies and imposed sanctions on two Russian intelligence agencies over their involvement in hacking US political groups in the 2016 election.
A proposed new package of sanctions on Russia in the US Congress might complicate Trump's desire for warmer relations with Moscow.
The US Senate reached an agreement on Thursday to resolve a technical issue stalling the sanctions, although the measure's fate in the House of Representatives is uncertain.
If passed in the House and signed into law by Trump, the measure would put into law sanctions previously established via Obama's executive orders, including some on Russian energy projects.
The legislation also allows new sanctions on Russian mining, metals, shipping and railways, and targets Russians deemed responsible for conducting cyber attacks or supplying weapons to Syria's government.
Vice President Mike Pence will travel to Estonia, Georgia and Montenegro in July and August, his office said on Thursday, in an attempt to reassure US allies that are neighbours of Russia.