Government forces take '10 percent' of Syria's Eastern Ghouta, says monitor

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Ground offensive coincides with start of a five-hour daily 'humanitarian pause' announced by Russia

Syrian government forces in Eastern Ghouta (Reuters)
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Wednesday 7 March 2018 9:29 UTC
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Syrian government forces have taken "10 percent" of the rebel enclave of Eastern Ghouta near Damascus after days of ground battles, a monitor said on Saturday.

The governement "controls 10 percent of the besieged Eastern Ghouta region" after its ground forces retook a pocket of territory in the southeast of the enclave, the Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said.

Russia-backed government forces on 18 February launched an assault of the besieged region, pounding the area with air strikes, killing more than 630 civilians.



On 25 February, clashes on the ground between the armed opposition and government forces intensified on the edges of the enclave, the Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights monitor said.

Since Thursday, government forces have advanced inside the region, retaking an area in the enclave's southeast, as well as another and two military bases in the south from main opposition group Jaish al-Islam.

"Regime forces and their allies have intensified their attacks on rebel positions in the past 48 hours," Observatory head Rami Abdel Rahman said.

Regime forces and their allies have intensified their attacks on rebel positions in the past 48 hours

- Syrian Observatory for Human Rights

Government fighters are trying to advance inside Eastern Ghouta to cut off the main town of Douma and its surroundings in the north of the enclave, as well as isolate the southeastern area of Al-Marj, Abdel Rahman said.

The Observatory says "Russian advisers" are taking part in the battles alongside government forces in Eastern Ghouta, backed by heavy air strikes and shelling.

Since 25 February, 60 government and allied fighters have been killed, while 34 rebels from Jaish al-Islam have also died, it said.

Rebels today control only a third of the area they once held in Eastern Ghouta in 2012, as Assad forces have gradually taken back territory from them.

Eastern Ghouta's 400,000 residents have lived under government siege since 2013, facing severe food and medicine shortages even before the latest offensive.

The ground offensive coincides with the start of a five-hour daily "humanitarian pause" announced by Russia and in force since Tuesday.

The bombardment has lessened but continued to claim lives since, and trucks loaded with desperately needed aid have remained unable to enter the enclave.

Moscow said it would provide safe passage to non-combatants wishing to leave the enclave during the pause, but no Syrian civilians have left since Tuesday, according to the Observatory.

The daily pause falls far short of a nationwide 30-day ceasefire demanded by the UN Security Council at the weekend.

More than 340,000 people have been killed and millions have fled their homes since the start of Syria's civil war in 2011 with the brutal repression of anti-government protests.