London is keen to host the flotation, part of Riyadh's Vision 2030 plan
British lawmakers are to question the country's financial regulator about whether it was lobbied by ministers to change its rules and lure the $2tn flotation of Saudi's Aramco to London.
The fears come amid claims that UK Prime Minister Theresa May and senior government ministers actively attempted to lobby Riyadh for the UK to host the sell-off of the world's biggest energy company.
Andrew Bailey, head of the Financial Conduct Authority, will be questioned by MPs Nicky Morgan, who chairs the Treasury Committee, and Rachel Reeves, who chairs the Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy Committee. A date has yet to be set for the hearings.
The seven questions
On Friday, Morgan made public a joint letter that the two MPs sent to Bailey. In it they asked seven questions, including whether the FCA was "aware of any interest shown by Saudi Aramco in obtaining a UK listing, and if known, how far that interest influenced the consultation?"
They also asked: "What discussions did the FCA (whether at a board or working level) have with ministers or officials from government departments in advance of and during the consultation, and in particular on the balance between attracting foreign investment and maintaining the integrity of the UK markets?”
Saudi Aramco's Manifa oilfield in Saudi Arabia (Reuters)
Morgan told City AM that the FCA had to maintain its role as the body that preserves the reputation of Britain's financial institution.
“The UK has a world-class reputation for upholding strong corporate governance,” she said. “The FCA must protect this reputation, especially as the City looks to remain competitive and thrive post-Brexit.” The pair plan to discuss Bailey's response with their fellow committee members.
Both New York and London have vied for Aramco to host its flotation
Riyadh is selling a five percent portion of Aramco as part of its Vision 2030 strategy, which aims to cut the kingdom's reliance on oil - which has suffered reduced prices in recent years - and raise $200bn during the next several years.
The FCA is a regulatory body which operates independently of the UK government. It did not mention Aramco when it announced the rule change in July, nor asked during the consultation period whether the flotations by a sovereign state should have a separate category.
Both New York and London have vied for Aramco to host its flotation at their respective stock exchanges.
London courts Riyadh
In April, UK Prime Minister Theresa May, visited Riyadh to meet Aramco's chief executive, Khalid al-Falih, who is also the kingdom's energy minister.
Saudi Arabia's King Salman and British Prime Minister Theresa May in the capital Riyadh (AFP)
Downing Street sources also told the Guardian that London's plans to host the flotation were specifically mentioned during several meetings between May and Saudi ministers in April.
The FCA confirmed that it received the letter and said it would reply in due course. It expects to complete its rule change consultation next month.
A survey by the Chartered Institute for Securities and Investment (CISI) of more than 200 financial service professionals has found that a majority are opposed to the rule changes.