As a US aircraft carrier arrives in the Arabian Sea, the death toll from a major bombing in Sanaa on Monday climbs
US naval officials confirmed on Monday that they have sent an aircraft carrier to the Arabian Sea to monitor an Iranian convoy suspected of carrying weapons to Houthis in Yemen.
The USS Theodore Roosevelt was escorted by guided-missile cruiser USS Normandy "to ensure the vital shipping lanes in the region remain open and safe", bringing the number of American ships in the area to nine, said US navy officials.
The Iranian convoy, which the US suspects of carrying weapons to Houthis, is comprised of nine ships, including two patrol boats, a senior defence official told AFP.
Although Iran and the Houthis have established diplomatic ties in recent months and Iranian politicians have spoken out in favour of the Houthis, the extent and nature of Iran's support for the militia remains unclear.
In recent days, Iran has made a push to help mediate the nearly month-long fighting in Yemen. On Friday, Iran's Foreign MInister Mohammad Javad Zarif proposed a four-point plan calling for an immediate ceasefire and the formation of a unity government.
But Yemen's Foreign Minister Riyadh Yassin rejected Iran's mediation offer on Monday, saying the country had become a party to the conflict. Instead, he said, the Houthis should surrender.
Any chance of a swift diplomatic solution also faded as Saudi UN ambassador Abdallah al-Mouallimi told UN chief Ban Ki-moon on Monday that "certain conditions" must be met for the air campaign to be suspended and that these were spelled out in a recently adopted Security Council resolution.
The resolution, adopted last week, demands that the Houthis pull back from territory seized, including from Sanaa, imposed an arms embargo and called on them to end their violent campaign and return to peace talks.
Meanwhile on Tuesday the death toll was still climbing after Saudi-led coalition airstrikes hit a missile depot in the Houthi-held, hilltop Fajj Attan area of Sanaa which sparked explosions that killed at least 28 people and wounded nearly 300.
Fires broke out at the missile base and a nearby petrol station, witnesses said, and the scorching heat could be felt from far off.
A Yemeni man checks the damage at a house in the capital on Monday following a raid by Saudi-led coalition warplanes on a missile depot (AFP)
The US says it is not taking part directly in the Saudi-led coalition strikes that began last month on Yemen, though continues to use drones to target whom it refers to as suspected members of al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP). On Monday, a US drone strike killed five suspected members in Saeed, in Yemen's Shabwa province.
With the Iran convoy in the Arabian Sea, US officials suggested that it would likely be Saudi Arabia, Egypt and their allies, not US personnel, that would intercept Iranian ships if needed.
One official said the Iranian convoy had passed through the Strait of Hormuz to leave the Gulf and was now headed west, thus potentially toward Yemen.
The coalition says it has carried out more than 2,000 strikes since the start of the campaign, gaining complete control of Yemeni airspace and knocking out Houthi infrastructure.