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30,000 displaced from Iraq's Fallujah in three days: NGO

Dozens of families including pregnant women, the sick and elderly are believed to remain trapped inside Fallujah
Displaced Iraqis from embattled city of Fallujah stand outside tents where they are taking shelter some 18 kilometres from Ramadi (AFP)

Fighting in the Iraqi city of Fallujah has displaced at least 30,000 people in three days, the Norwegian Refugee Council said on Sunday, warning that a humanitarian disaster was unfolding.

Iraqi forces achieved a breakthrough on Thursday, taking over the centre of Fallujah, while the Islamic State (IS) group retreated to areas in the north of the city.

That allowed thousands of civilians who had been used as human shields to flee the city, a key IS stronghold west of Baghdad that had been besieged for months.

"The estimated total number of displaced from Fallujah in just the last three days is now at a staggering 30,000 people," the NRC said in a statement.

The aid group, which runs displacement camps around Fallujah, said another 32,000 people had already been displaced after the start of the government offensive against the IS bastion nearly a month ago.

NRC said dozens of families remained inside Fallujah, including the most vulnerable civilians, pregnant women, the sick and elderly.

We implore the Iraqi government to take charge of this humanitarian disaster unfolding on our watch - Norwegian Refugee Council

The aid community has been overwhelmed by the influx of people and many were sleeping in the open, in the scorching summer sun and waiting for a tent at one of the displacement camps.

"We implore the Iraqi government to take charge of this humanitarian disaster unfolding on our watch," NRC's Iraq director Nasr Muflahi said in the statement.

NRC said it could no longer provide the required assistance, with water rations being used up quickly.

It cited the case of a newly opened camp in Amriyat al-Fallujah that houses 1,800 people, but has only one latrine for women.

"We need the Iraqi government to take a leading role in providing for the needs of the most vulnerable civilians, who have endured months of trauma and terror," Muflahi said.

Fallujah was the first city to fall out of government control in January 2014, as IS began to establish a foothold in parts of the country.

About 3.4 million people have since been forced from their homes by conflict across the country. More than 40 percent of them are from Anbar, the province in which Fallujah is located.