A guide to Egypt facts and key events since 2011
Key developments in Egypt since the January 2011 uprising that toppled the 30-year rule of president Hosni Mubarak:
- January 25: Massive protests erupt after a revolt topples Tunisia's ruler. About 850 people die over 18 days.
- February 11: Mubarak resigns and hands power to the army which suspends the constitution and dissolves parliament.
- November 28: Egypt holds post-revolt parliamentary election. Islamists win about two-thirds of the seats, half of which go to the Muslim Brotherhood.
- June 24: Mohamed Morsi wins the presidential poll with 51.7 percent of the vote, becoming Egypt's first freely elected civilian and Islamist leader.
- August 12: Morsi scraps a constitutional document which allowed the military legislative powers.
- December 15 and 22: 64 percent of voters in a two-round referendum back the new constitution.
- January 24: Violence erupts on the eve of the second anniversary of the 2011 uprising. At least 60 people die in a week.
- June 30: Millions of Egyptians protest demanding Morsi's resignation. Millions of others take to the streets to show support for Morsi.
- July 3: Army chief Abdel Fattah al-Sisi ousts Morsi after massive protests against his one-year rule, and freezes the Islamist-drafted constitution. Morsi denounced a "coup" as authorities launch a crackdown against his supporters.
- August 14: Security forces move against two pro-Morsi protest camps in Cairo, killing about 700 people. Amnesty International says more than 1,400 people have been killed in street clashes, and over 15,000 arrested since Morsi's ouster.
- August 22: Mubarak is freed after 28 months in detention.
- November 24: The military-installed authorities pass a new law banning all but police-sanctioned protests.
- December 24: The government declares the Brotherhood a "terrorist" organisation after a suicide car bomb attack kills more than a dozen policemen north of Cairo (although the attack was condemned by the Brotherhood and claimed by a militant group that is critical of the Brotherhood).
- January 14-15: Egyptian voters approve a new constitution that reinforces the military's powers by a vote of 98.1 percent. The vote was officially boycotted by Morsi supporters, while 'vote no' campaigners were arrested.
- January 25: Clashes on the third anniversary of the anti-Mubarak revolt kill at least 49.
- February 16: The first attack on foreigners since Morsi's ouster kills four South Koreans in the Sinai.
- February 25: Ibrahim Mahlab, a former member of Mubarak's now dissolved party, is named prime minister in cabinet reshuffle.
- March 24: Court sentences 529 Morsi supporters to death. A month later 683 others, including Brotherhood leader Mohamed Badie, are also sentenced to death.
- March 26: Sisi announces he will run for president. Leftist leader Hamdeen Sabbahi throws his hat in the ring as well.
- April 28: A court bans the April 6 youth movement that spearheaded the uprising against Mubarak and has protested against the military-installed regime.