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Haftar returns to Libya to end rumours of failing health

East Libya commander says those who spread rumours of his death or incapacitation 'will answer in the appropriate way'
Haftar returns to Benghazi after treatment in Paris (screengrab)

Veteran military commander Khalifa Haftar, the most powerful figure in eastern Libya, returned to Benghazi on Thursday after a two-week absence during which he received medical treatment in Paris.

Haftar, 75, smiled and joked as he greeted a delegation of senior officials after stepping off a late afternoon flight from Cairo.

"I want to reassure you that I am in good health," he told senior army commanders and local elders in a televised address from the airport shortly afterwards.

"I should be addressing you standing up. but I am obliged to do so sitting down," Haftar quipped, seated in front of a bank of microphones on an ornate table.

Authorities in eastern Libya did not issue any pictures or detailed information about his health during his stay in Paris, fuelling speculation over his condition and the possible impact on the balance of power in Libya.

"I won't respond to those promoting rumours about my health, and you are not responsible for them. But there are those who will answer for them in the appropriate way," Haftar said.

The United Nations has been leading an effort to stabilise and reunify the oil-rich nation of six million and has said it hopes to hold national elections by the end of the year.

Haftar, a former commander in Muammar Gaddafi's army who turned against him, then returned to Libya to join the 2011 uprising, has gradually extended his grip on Libya's east and parts of the south, taking full control of Benghazi last year after a three-year military campaign.

With support from President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi's Egypt and the United Arab Emirates, he has promised to drive out militants and "liberate" Tripoli, bringing the capital's militias to heel.

He has opposed a UN-backed transitional government that has been trying to establish itself from Tripoli for the past two years.

Since 2016, Haftar has also controlled all of the oil ports and main fields in the east, where most of Libya's oil resources are concentrated.

Still, he has remained a divisive figure, viewed by opponents as a UAE proxy and an old-fashioned military leader who seeks to reimpose authoritarian rule across Libya and labels all of his rivals as terrorists.

His soldiers have been accused of human rights abuses and the commander of his special forces, Mahmoud al-Werfalli, is wanted by the International Criminal Court for a series of summary executions.