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Jordanian and Palestinian leaders pin hopes on Biden reviving two-state solution

Staunch US ally King Abdullah tells President Mahmoud Abbas that Jordan 'stood with all its resources alongside Palestinians'
Jordan's King Abdullah II (R) receives Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas (L) in Aqaba, Jordan, on 29 November 2020 (AFP)

Jordan's King Abdullah on Sunday met with Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, with both leaders expressing high hopes that US President-elect Joe Biden would revive peace talks over a two-state solution to the Palestinian-Israeli conflict, officials said.

In a palace statement after meeting with Abbas in the Red Sea port of Aqaba, the monarch, who in recent months has said Israeli policies and US President Donald Trump's Middle East peace plan would lead to conflict, said he fully backed Palestinian statehood, according to Reuters.

"His majesty stressed Jordan stood with all its resources alongside Palestinians in achieving their legitimate rights to set up an independent state," the monarch was quoted as saying in the statement.

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In his first conversation with an Arab leader since his election earlier this month, Biden spoke with King Abdullah last week, telling the monarch that he hoped to cooperate on “supporting a two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict".

The Trump administration has reversed decades of US policy on the conflict, refraining from endorsing the two-state solution, the longtime international formula which envisages a Palestinian state co-existing with Israel.

Diplomats say the monarch, a staunch US ally who was among the first Arab leaders to congratulate Biden, saw Trump's policies sidelining the kingdom's once pivotal role in Arab-Israeli peacemaking with their full backing of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu's right-wing policies.

Trump's peace plan was also seen as posing an existential threat to Jordan, with the demise of a Palestinian state through the annexation of large parts of the West Bank, pushing the kingdom to become an alternative state for Palestinians.

Heart of the conflict

Jordan, which lost the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, to Israel during the 1967 Arab-Israeli war, lies at the heart of the conflict, with many of its more than 7 million citizens of Palestinian origin.

In another joint communique with Abbas, both leaders said Israel "attempts to impose new realities" by annexing and accelerating settlement building in occupied Palestinian territory.

The Trump administration had also enraged Jordan and Arabs when it said it no longer viewed Israel’s settlements in the West Bank as “inconsistent with international law".

Abbas, who three years ago cut off contact with the Trump administration, accusing it of pro-Israel bias, on Monday will head to Cairo to seek its support for a revival of peace talks based on a two-state solution, diplomats said.

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