Kurds offer joint border control as Iraq threatens to resume offensive
Iraq's Kurdistan region said on Thursday it has offered a joint Kurdish-Iraqi deployment at a strategic crossing into Turkey, with the participation of the US-led coalition that was helping fight Islamic State.
The offer was disclosed hours after Iraqi armed forces accused the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) of delaying the handover to Iraq of control of the borders with Turkey, Iran and Syria, and threatened to resume operations to capture Kurdish-held areas.
The KRG defence department said the offer was part of a "deconfliction" proposal made to the Iraqi government on 31 October.
The other points included a ceasefire on all fronts, continued cooperation in the fight against Islamic State and a joint deployment in so-called disputed territories, which are areas claimed by both the KRG and the Iraqi central government.
The KRG "continues to welcome a permanent ceasefire on all fronts, deconfliction and the start of a political dialogue" with Baghdad, the Kurdish statement said.
Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi ordered economic and military retaliation after Iraqi Kurds voted for independence in a referendum held in September that Baghdad declared illegal.
He insists that the KRG cancel the referendum's outcome as a pre-condition for any dialogue. Iran and Turkey back his measures against Iraq's Kurds, fearing the drive for independence will spread to their own Kurdish populations.
The joint deployment at the strategic Fishkhabour crossing was meant "as a goodwill gesture and trust-building exercise that ensures a limited and temporary arrangement until an agreement is reached in accordance with the Iraqi Constitution", the Kurdish statement said.
Fishkhabour is strategically important for the Kurdistan region because it is the point where its oil pipeline crosses into Turkey.
Iraq's entire land border with Turkey is located inside the Kurdish autonomous region and has been controlled by the Kurds since before the fall of Saddam Hussein in 2003.
Abadi declared a pause on Friday in an offensive that began on 16 October to take over the disputed areas. The oil-rich city of Kirkuk fell on the same day without much fighting.
The Iraqi Joint Operations Command accused the KRG on Wednesday of using the talks that started on Friday to "buy time" to strengthen Kurdish lines.
"We will not allow it; the federal forces are mandated to secure (the disputed) areas and borders," it said in a statement.
The Kurdish Peshmerga command also accused Iraqi forces on Wednesday of massing weapons and threatening force to resolve "domestic political differences".
Iraqi troops set up positions between Turkish and Iraqi Kurdish checkpoints on Tuesday at the Habur border crossing, between the Turkish town of Silopi and the Iraqi town of Zakho.
That meant vehicles crossing the border were subject to three separate checks. Eight members of Turkey's security forces and 17 Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) militants were killed in a clash early on Thursday near the border between northern Iraq and southeast Turkey, Turkish security and hospital sources said.
The PKK launched a separatist insurgency in 1984 and more than 40,000 people have been killed in the conflict.