Libya hospital overwhelmed by wounded in anti-IS fight
By Paul Maroudis
The entrance hall of Misrata's only hospital is crammed with beds reserved for fighters wounded in the battle to oust the Islamic State group from its crumbling Libyan stronghold Sirte.
Every day it receives dozens of casualties, many with severe shrapnel and bullet wounds, while also trying to serve Misrata's half a million residents.
The situation at Misrata Central Hospital is having a direct impact on the offensive, delaying a final push to retake Sirte from the militants, according to pro-government forces.
Equipped with just 120 beds and a reduced medical team, the hospital is desperate for more support.
"One day we treated 160 wounded," said hospital spokesman Akram Gliwan.
"Where should we put them? What should we do? We have to cope with the limited space and staff we've got."
Forces allied with Libya's Government of National Accord (GNA) - including Misrata's powerful militias - have been battling to clear IS militants from their coastal stronghold since mid-May.
Pro-GNA forces entered Sirte on 9 June and have faced a barrage of sniper fire, suicide bombings and booby traps.
More than 350 pro-GNA fighters have been killed and nearly 2,000 wounded in the battle, according to medical sources.
Most of the wounded end up at the hospital in Misrata, Libya's third largest city, located 190 kilometres (120 miles) from the front line.
Prolonging the battle
Mohammed Abu Grin, 28, was hit by shrapnel when a mine blew up as his unit searched a booby-trapped house in Sirte.
"My brother was leading the group. He saw a thin wire connected to a mine and realised that the house was booby-trapped," he said from his bed in one of the hospital's overcrowded wards.
"As he turned to leave he stepped on a mine that he hadn't seen. It blew up, killing him and wounding us."
An AFP photographer also witnessed the blast. Abu Grin, wounded in a hand and a leg, was evacuated to Misrata.
The hospital's lack of beds is "one of the reasons the battle's end has been delayed," General Mohamad Ghassri, a spokesman for the pro-GNA forces, told AFP.
"We have to clear some of the wounded from the hospital before we can start with a new offensive," he said.
Gliwan, the hospital spokesman, said delays in assaults by pro-GNA forces allowed IS to plant booby traps and mines that can cause critical injuries that in many cases require amputations.
"The situation on the front depends entirely on the situation at Misrata Central Hospital, because of the strain on the medical team and our limited bed space," he said.
He appealed to the international community to support the hospital, which he said received 97 wounded fighters on Wednesday alone.
The operating theatre worked until morning, and 40 patients were transferred to private clinics for further treatment.
The hospital was already struggling after the fall of dictator Muammar Gaddafi in 2011, when many of its nursing staff - Filipinos, Indians and Eastern Europeans - left the country.
When the battle for Sirte began, many of its remaining staff were posted to field hospitals closer to the front line.
The hospital has been forced to bring in volunteers such as Ali Khalil, who has been working long hours as a nurse for the past two months.
"I am a biology teacher but I decided to volunteer as a nurse. I haven't slept for 24 hours," he said.
Gliwan said many local medical, dental and nursing students were also volunteering.
"They have classes and exams, but they are working full shifts here, day and night," he said.
The UN's envoy to Libya, Martin Kobler, visited the hospital in May and posted pictures of beds in the lobby on his Twitter account.
"It's shocking to know that the hospital has very limited capacity & they (are) using the reception hall for lack of space," he tweeted. "If we wait for bureaucracy, people will die."
Two months later, little has improved. Rows of beds with blue sheets fill the reception area, which becomes a makeshift operating theatre as the wounded arrive from the front.
"We have many cases of amputations... our problem is not temporary - the war is going to end, but we will still need physiotherapy and psychotherapy," said Gliwan.
Ghassri thanked countries that had supported the hospital, including Italy and Qatar, but called for further assistance.
"The battle is not easy and a single hospital cannot meet its needs," he said.