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Prominent Sudanese opposition leader held since December freed

Omar el-Digeir, chief of the Sudanese Congress Party, was detained over protests against President Omar al-Bashir's rule
Digeir was jailed days after protests erupted on 19 December after a government decision to triple the price of bread (AFP)

Sudanese authorities have released a senior opposition leader who had been detained since December in connection with demonstrations against President Omar al-Bashir's rule, his party said on Tuesday.

Omar el-Digeir, the chief of the Sudanese Congress Party, was arrested and jailed days after protests erupted on 19 December after a government decision to triple the price of bread.

Authorities have since launched a widespread crackdown to curb the protests as they mushroomed into nationwide demonstrations against Bashir, who swept to power in an Islamist-backed coup in 1989.

"The chief of our party, Omar el-Digeir, has been released after two months in detention," the Sudanese Congress Party said in a statement, without specifying when he was set free.

"But 40 other party leaders are still in detention," it said, vowing to pursue protests against Bashir.

On Tuesday, Digeir vowed to push on with protests against Bashir's rule.

"We assure our people that our party is fully committed to continue with the peaceful struggle until we achieve success," he wrote on Twitter.

Over the past decade, the Sudanese Congress Party has emerged as an active opposition group, regularly staging demonstrations and rallies against authorities.

Most of its supporters are youths, mainly university students and graduates, AFP news agency reported.

State of emergency

Clashes between protesters and security forces have left 31 people dead, officials say, while Human Rights Watch says at least 51 have been killed, including medics and children.

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On 22 February, Bashir declared a year-long state of emergency to quell the protests after the crackdown failed to suppress the movement.

He also dissolved the federal and provincial governments, and appointed 16 army officers and two security officers from the feared National Intelligence and Security Service as governors of the country's 18 provinces.

Protesters accuse Bashir's administration of mismanaging the country's economy and have called on the 75-year-old president to step down.

Bashir has remained defiant, banning unauthorised rallies and setting up special emergency courts to investigate violations during the state of emergency.

Jail sentences

On Thursday, several demonstrations took place in the capital Khartoum and its twin city of Omdurman.

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Hundreds of protesters were arrested and put on trial at emergency courts.

Eight demonstrators were sentenced to jail, in the first such rulings by emergency courts, with four handed five-year prison terms each, the official SUNA news agency said.

Three others were sentenced to three years in jail each and one received a six-month prison sentence, said SUNA, adding they had all violated the ban on protests.

The protests that have rocked Sudan since December were led by the Sudanese Professionals' Association (SPA), a group of unions of teachers, doctors and engineers.

But several opposition political groups have since joined the SPA to form an umbrella group called the Alliance for Freedom and Change.