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OPEC+ agrees oil supply boost after UAE wins argument with Saudi Arabia

Saudi energy minister Prince Abdulaziz bin Salman refused to answer questions on how a compromise was reached
To overcome the disagreement, OPEC+ agreed new output quotas for several members from May 2022, including the UAE, Saudi Arabia, Russia, Kuwait and Iraq (Reuters)

OPEC+ ministers agreed on Sunday to boost oil supply from August to cool prices which have climbed to two and a half year highs as the global economy recovers from the coronavirus pandemic.

The group, which includes OPEC countries and allies like Russia, crucially agreed new production allocations from May 2022 after Saudi Arabia and others agreed to a request from the United Arab Emirates (UAE) that had threatened the plan.

"We are happy with the deal," UAE's Energy Minister Suhail bin Mohammed al-Mazroui told a news conference. 

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Saudi energy minister, Prince Abdulaziz bin Salman, refused to answer questions on how the compromise was reached.

OPEC+ last year cut production by a record 10m barrels per day (bpd) amid a pandemic-induced slump in demand and collapsing prices. It has gradually reinstated some supply to leave it with a reduction of about 5.8m bpd.

From August until December 2021, the group will increase supply by a further 2m bpd or 0.4m bpd a month, OPEC said in a statement.

The group had agreed to extend their overall pact until the end of 2022 from an earlier planned date of April 2022, to leave more room for manoeuvre in case global recovery stalls due to new virus variants.

UAE objection

While both Riyadh and the UAE had been supportive of an immediate output boost, the UAE had objected to the Saudi idea to extend the pact to December 2022 without getting a higher production quota.

To overcome the disagreement, OPEC+ agreed new output quotas for several members from May 2022, including the UAE, Saudi Arabia, Russia, Kuwait and Iraq.

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The overall adjustment will add 1.63m bpd to supply from May next year, according to Reuters calculations.

The UAE will see its baseline production, from which cuts are being calculated, increase to 3.5m bpd from May 2022 from today's 3.168m.

Saudi and Russia will see their baselines rise to 11.5m bpd each from the current 11 million. Iraq and Kuwait will see their baselines rise by 150,000 bpd each.

Prince Abdulaziz said Nigeria and Algeria could also see their baselines revised.