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September becomes deadliest month yet in Syria this year

More than 900 civilians were killed in the Syrian civil war as overall death toll reached 3,000 in September
Funeral held in Idlib as Russian and Syrian government bombing of last remaining rebel-held area increases (AFP)

At least 3,000 people including 955 civilians were killed in the Syrian civil war in September, marking the deadliest month in the ongoing conflict this year, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said on Sunday. 

This latest figure comes as the Syrian government and Russian warplanes intensify their bombing on the last remaining rebel-held strongholds in Hama and Idlib. 

Hundreds of thousands of Syrians have been killed and millions displaced since the war erupted in 2011 with the brutal repression of anti-government protests.

It has since spiralled into a complex conflict involving world powers, with Russia-backed government forces and a US-supported alliance separately battling the Islamic State group in the country.

The 955 civilians killed in September included 207 children, said the Britain-based Observatory, which relies on a wide network of sources inside Syria for its information.

"More than 70 percent of the civilians were killed in regime and Russian air strikes, or in air raids of the international coalition" fighting IS, the monitor's head Rami Abdel Rahman said.

The Observatory said the September toll also included 790 regime troops and loyalists, 738 militants from IS and HTS, and 550 rebels and SDF members.

Backed by Russian air strikes, the forces of Syria's President Bashar al-Assad are pressing a battle to retake IS-controlled areas in the eastern province of Deir Ezzor.

A US-led international coalition has been providing air support to a Kurdish-Arab alliance, the Syrian Democratic Forces, also fighting IS militants in their former northern bastion of Raqqa city and in Deir Ezzor.

A man mourns during a funeral on September 29, 2017, in the rebel-held town of Beit Sawa, on the outskirts of the capital Damascus (AFP)

The number of people killed in September was higher because of increased fighting and "intensified air raids of the international coalition and Russia against Islamic militants in the north and east of Syria, but also due to increased Russian and regime strikes on rebel-held areas," Abdel Rahman said.

Russian and regime warplanes have in the past two weeks increased their strikes on the northwestern province of Idlib, which is largely controlled by Hayat Tahrir al-Sham (HTS), a group led by Al-Qaeda's former Syria affiliate.

IS seize Al-Qaryatain

Eight children were among at least 34 civilians killed in strikes overnight Friday-Saturday on the town of Armanaz in Idlib, the Observatory said.

HTS is not a party to a deal brokered by Russia, Turkey and Iran for a safe zone in the province, one of four such zones nationwide.

Syria's conflict has killed more than 330,000 people since 2011.

Early on Sunday, IS retook the town of Al-Qaryatain in the central province of Homs, previously a symbol of religious coexistence.

Government troops have now surrounded Al-Qaryatain, where several Christian families are believed to be living, the Observatory said.

Government forces recaptured Al-Qaryatain in April 2016 after eight months of IS militant control.

In August 2015, IS abducted 270 Christians from the town, transporting them around 90 kilometres away deep into the Syria desert and then locking them up in an underground dungeon. They were freed 25 days later.

The same month, IS ravaged a monastery in the town and reduced a fifth-century mud-brick church to rubble with explosives and bulldozers.

Earlier this week, the Islamic militants launched an assault on government positions in Syria's vast Badiya desert, killing at least 128 government troops.

Russia-backed Syrian troops have been battling for months to retake the Badiya, which stretches from the country's centre to the Iraqi and Jordanian borders and has been held by IS since 2014.

Last month, they broke a years-long IS siege of government enclaves in the eastern city of Deir Ezzor.

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