Spy charges: UAE releases Matthew Hedges after presidential pardon
A British academic jailed for spying in the United Arab Emirates has been released from prison after being granted a presidential pardon, according to an Emirati official.
Matthew Hedges, a PhD student from Durham University in northern England, was sentenced to life imprisonment last week. His family denies the charges.
His wife, Daniela Tejada, who has been campaigning for her husband's release, welcomed the pardon and said she "could not wait to have Matt back home".
"Our six-plus months of nightmare are finally over and to say we are elated is an understatement," Tejada said in a statement on Monday.
"That he is returning home to me and the rest of his family is much more than I was ever expecting to happen this week.
"Without the involvement of the media, the overwhelming support of academics, the public worldwide, the work of the British diplomatic body in the UAE and Secretary Hunt's intervention, this would never [have] happened."
UK Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt also welcomed the pardon and said: "Although we didn't agree with charges, we are grateful to UAE government for resolving issue speedily."
Durham University, where Hedges is studying, also welcomed the news:
The UAE's foreign ministry confirmed Hedges's pardon and said he was one of the 785 prisoners pardoned as a result of the country's national day anniversary, which falls on 2 December.
However, minutes before the pardon was announced, a UAE government spokesman showed journalists a video of Hedges purporting to confess to belonging to Britain's secret intelligence service (MI6) and carrying out research into which military systems the UAE was buying. The UAE is a top buyer of British arms.
In the video, which was sometimes inaudible and shown with subtitles that could not be independently verified, Hedges appeared to say he approached sources as a doctoral student.
The spokesman, Jaber al-Lamki, said Hedges was "100 percent a secret service operative" and aimed "to steal the UAE's sensitive national secrets for his paymasters", but did not take questions on the case.
Although the UK government had been accused of timidity on Hedges' case since his arrest in May, not least by Tejada, since the announcement of the life sentence the rhetoric escalated with Hunt warning that it could "have repercussions for the relationship between our two countries."
David Wearing, author of AngloArabia: Why Gulf Wealth Matters to Britain, told Middle East Eye that the case illustrated the kind of pressure the UK government could bring to bear on the UAE when it wanted to.
"There is this dominant misconception that in the relationship between the UK and the Gulf states, especially Saudi Arabia and the UAE, the power lies with them and not us," he said.
"That we would like to press for human rights etc, but they hold the power in the relationship and we’ve got to be nice to them otherwise they’ll take offence and cut this tie and that tie and deny contracts and what have you.
"The reality is that the power lies with Britain and not the UAE. And I think this case really shows it."
'A police state'
Hedges, 31, had said he was visiting the UAE as part of his PhD research, looking into the country's security strategy. He is not the first foreign national to be arrested in the UAE on accusations of spying or having links to outlawed organisations.
The Gulf state has previously been accused of employing extrajudicial methods to crack down on dissent within its borders and has been repeatedly criticised for its human rights record.
A 2016 Amnesty International report said that forced disappearances were pervasive in the country.
Nicholas McGeehan, a former Bahrain, Qatar and UAE researcher at Human Rights Watch, warned that there was no independent judiciary in the country, despite its claims to the contrary.
"It's a police state. You have these squads of people who operate completely outside the rule of law and snatch people off the street, snatch people out of airports, and disappear and torture them based on spurious allegations, or based on their background, or based on their associations that the UAE disapproves of," he told MEE last month.
"It's a very dangerous place to be unless you are keeping very quiet or have no associations the UAE disapproves of, and the UAE disapproves of a lot of people."
The Hedges' case raised concerns from activists and university workers that students working in the UAE - where many UK universities have campuses - may not be safe to operate.
University and Colleges Union (UCU) members at Birmingham University, which has a campus in Dubai, announced on Thursday that they had voted not to accept any work there, stating they were "outraged at the sentence of Matthew Hedges and the university's refusal to address the serious issues we have raised regarding its campus in Dubai".
Wearing said that there needed to be continued pressure on universities and other institutions with connections to the UAE, despite Hedges' release.
"Western cultural institutions in particular, who have branches in these states, have to say to themselves ‘do we have academic freedom in these states?'" he said.
"In the UAE specifically, it's been demonstrated conclusively that legitimate academic activity, in its fullest scope, is not possible."