Syrian army announces new ceasefire, then bombs Aleppo
The Syrian army launched strikes against rebels in the battered northern city of Aleppo, hours after announcing the extention of a nationwide truce for three days.
In a statement late on Monday, the armed forces said it would "extend the freeze on fighting on all Syrian territory for 72 hours beginning at 00.01 on 12 July".
It was the second extension to a truce first announced last week to mark Eid al-Fitr, the end of the Islamic holy month of Ramadan.
But the ceasefire has produced little respite in fighting, with rebels having fired a barrage of missiles into the government-held western side of Aleppo, killing dozens of civilians.
Ongoing strikes by the government and its Russian ally were reported around the city of Aleppo, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights monitor said.
"Russian and regime warplanes are shelling the northern edges of the city and the regime seized several buildings in Leramun," said Observatory head Rami Abdel Rahman.
Rebels were using Leramun, an industrial district on the northwestern edge of Aleppo, and the nearby Bani Zeid area to fire rockets and artillery onto government-held parts of the city, he said.
"The immediate goal is to push opposition fighters out of the city to stop the shelling," he told AFP.
Rebel forces in the eastern part of Aleppo have also waged battles with government troops along the frontline that divides the city between government and opposition control.
Abdel Rahman said there was little evidence of the truce taking effect anywhere in the country.
"There are clashes everywhere - Homs, Hama, Latakia, Aleppo. Only Daraa is quiet," he said, referring to the southern province.
Assad and his allies have long justified the bombing of Aleppo - despite the existence of truce agreements - on the basis that al-Qaeda's affiliate al-Nusra Front are among the rebels groups fighting in the city, who are not covered by ceasefire agreements.
Aleppo city, once Syria's economic powerhouse, has been ravaged by the conflict that began in March 2011 and has killed more than 280,000 people.
On Thursday, government forces effectively severed the last supply route into the rebel-held east, the Castello road, when they took a hilltop within firing range.
The Britain-based monitor said air strikes hit the Castello Road and the surrounding area on Tuesday.
Rebels launched a counter-attack to reopen the road but have made no progress.
With the route effectively shut, there are concerns that the roughly 200,000 residents of rebel-controlled neighbourhoods, according to the Observatory, could face a long siege.
Civilians have already reported shortages of food and fuel in the east of Aleppo, with local market stalls sparsely stocked and prices rising.
The United Nations says nearly 600,000 Syrians live in besieged areas of the country, most surrounded by government forces, although rebels also use the tactic.
On Tuesday, the UN said it was "deeply concerned" about the situation in and around Aleppo.
UN spokeswoman Alessandra Vellucci said most people in eastern Aleppo "rely heavily on humanitarian assistance" and that access to that side of the city was now "virtually impossible."
Stay informed with MEE's newsletters
Sign up to get the latest alerts, insights and analysis, starting with Turkey Unpacked
Middle East Eye delivers independent and unrivalled coverage and analysis of the Middle East, North Africa and beyond. To learn more about republishing this content and the associated fees, please fill out this form. More about MEE can be found here.