Rebel officials deny responsibility; government says attack wounded more than 100 people
More than 100 people were wounded in Syria's Aleppo late on Saturday in a suspected toxic gas attack which the government and its ally, Russia, blamed on rebels.
A health official in Aleppo said victims suffered breathing difficulties, eye inflammation and other symptoms suggesting the use of chlorine gas. Rebel officials denied the allegations and said their forces did not possess chemical weapons.
Russia's defence ministry said on Sunday its warplanes bombed militants in the rebel stronghold of Idlib whom it accused of firing poison gas at Aleppo.
Major-General Igor Konashenkov said Moscow sent advance warning to Ankara, which backs some rebel factions and helped broker a ceasefire in Idlib.
A monitoring group said air strikes hit rebel territory in northwest Syria on Sunday for the first time since Russia and Turkey agreed a buffer zone there in September.
In Aleppo city, which the government controls, the shells had spread a strong stench and caused breathing problems, the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights also said.
State news agency SANA said on Sunday 107 people were injured, including children, after militants hit three districts with projectiles containing gases that caused choking.
It marks the highest such casualty toll in Aleppo since government forces and their allies clawed back the city from rebels nearly two years ago.
"We can not know the kinds of gases but we suspected chlorine and treated patients on this basis because of the symptoms," Zaher Batal, the head of the Aleppo Doctors Syndicate, told Reuters.
Hospitals had discharged many people overnight. Batal said this was the first gas attack against civilians in the city since the conflict erupted more than seven years ago.
Turkish Defence Minister Hulusi Akar and his Russian counterpart agreed on Sunday that "recent provocations" were aimed at harming the agreement on Idlib, the ministry said.
"There was an exchange of views to the effect that ... they could continue and that one needed to be ready for them," the ministry said in a statement.
Nobody has claimed the Aleppo attack so far.
"The explosive (shells) contain toxic gases that led to choking among civilians," the city's police chief Issam al-Shilli told state media.
Pictures and footage on SANA showed medical workers carrying patients on stretchers and helping them with oxygen masks.
Syria's foreign ministry urged the UN Security Council to condemn and punish the attack.
Abdel-Salam Abdel-Razak, an official from the Nour al-Din al-Zinki group, said rebels did not own chemical weapons or have the capacity to produce them.
The UK-based Observatory said government shelling earlier on Saturday had killed two women and seven children in a village in Idlib.
The Russian-Turkish deal in September for a demilitarised zone staved off an army offensive against the Idlib region, including nearby parts of Aleppo and Hama provinces.
The dominant force among an array of factions holding sway in Idlib is Hayat Tahrir al-Sham (HTS), an alliance led by fighters formerly linked to al-Qaeda.
A past UN-OPCW inquiry found the Syrian government used the nerve agent sarin in 2017 and also used chlorine several times. It also blamed Islamic State (IS) group for using mustard gas.
Damascus has repeatedly denied using chemical weapons in the war.
Some critics of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad have cast doubt over the government's portrayal of the attack, questioning whether the alleged assault was a ploy by Damascus to gain international sympathy.
Abu Omar, a Failaq al-Sham spokesman, accused Damascus of trying to create "a malicious charade" as a pretext to attack rebel towns, Reuters reported.
Dr Hamza al-Khateeb, former manager of Al-Quds hospital in east Aleppo, which was under rebel control until 2016, said footage aired by pro-government media outlets did not show signs of a gas attack.
"I should say that there are attacks from the rebels into that area, but it sounds unconvincing to me the whole thing," al-Khateeb told MEE.
Both rebels and the government have blamed each other for chemical attacks and other war crimes throughout the seven-year war, with each side accusing the other of creating fake narratives and carrying out false-flag operations.