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Timeline: Attacks in Turkey on the rise

The Kurdish Workers' Party, the Islamic State, al-Qaeda as well as a string of other groups have all been blamed for attacks
A Turkish police officers stands guard on 15 January, 2016 near a makeshift memorial in tribute to the victims of 12 January 2016 attacks (AFP)

This morning, a blast ripped through central Istanbul killing 11 people, including four civilians and seven police. But the blast was only the latest in a long line of attacks to rock Turkey since the Kurdish Workers Party started a guerrilla war against the Turkish state in 1986. Recent years have also seen a rise in other militant groups including the Islamic State and al-Qaeda that have both carried out attacks. 

2016

7 June: At least seven police officers and four civilians die when a bomb rips through a police vehicle near the historic centre of Istanbul.

19 March: Three Israelis and an Iranian are killed and dozens injured in a suicide bombing blamed on Islamic State jihadists targeting an Istanbul shopping thoroughfare, the Istiklal Caddesi.

13 March: At least 34 people are killed and dozens wounded in a suicide car bomb attack in Ankara. The assault is claimed by the Kurdistan Freedom Falcons (TAK), a radical offshoot of the better-known Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK).

17 February: At least 29 are killed in a car bombing targeting the Turkish military in Ankara. The attack is also claimed by TAK.

12 January: Eleven German tourists are killed and another 16 people wounded in a suicide attack by a Syrian bomber in Istanbul's Sultanahmet district, the ancient tourist heart of the city and home of the Blue Mosque.

2015

10 October: In the bloodiest attack in Turkey's history, 103 people are killed and more than 500 wounded in twin suicide bombings targeting a pro-Kurdish peace rally in Ankara. Authorities blame IS.

20 July: 34 people are killed and about 100 injured in a suicide bombing in the predominantly-Kurdish town of Suruc near the border with Syria. Turkish officials blame IS.

2013

11 May: A twin car bomb attack kills 52 people in the town of Reyhanli near the Syrian border. Ankara blames pro-Damascus groups.

11 February: 17 people are killed when a Syrian minibus explodes in Reyhanli in western Turkey. 

2008

27 July: Two bombings in Istanbul leave 17 dead and 115 wounded. Ankara blames the PKK.

2006

12 September: 10 people, including children, are killed in a bomb blast in Diyarbakir, the largest city in the mainly Kurdish southeast.

2003

15 and 20 November: Four suicide car bombs hit two synagogues in Istanbul, the British consulate and a branch of the British multinational bank HSBC, leaving 63 dead, including Britain's consul general, and hundreds wounded. The attacks are claimed by al-Qaeda and a Turkish group named the Islamic Front of Raiders of the Great Orient.

1999

13 March: 12 are killed in a firebombing on an Istanbul shopping mall. The attack is claimed by the PKK, which later retracts its statement.

1991

25 December: Explosives and firebombs are hurled at an Istanbul department store, killing 17 people and injuring 23. The attack is blamed on the PKK.

1986

6 September: A twin suicide bombing kills 22 people at a synagogue in Istanbul.