Skip to main content

Clashes in Morocco after police try to arrest leader of anti-government movement

Police issued warrant for leader of 'Hirak' after he interrupted mosque preacher who was criticising the pro-reform movement
Moroccan activist and leader of 'Hirak' Nasser Zefzafi at a demonstration against corruption on 18 May (Reuters)

Clashes erupted in a northern Moroccan city after authorities sought to arrest a well-known activist who has led recent anti-government demonstrations and who interrupted a Friday prayer sermon, activists and local residents said.

Political protests are rare in Morocco, but tensions in Al-Hoceima city have been simmering since October 2016 after the death of a fishmonger who was crushed inside a garbage truck while trying to retrieve fish confiscated by the police.

His death sparked outrage against "Hogra," a colloquial Derja Arabic term for deprivation of dignity because of official abuses or corruption, and prompted some of the largest protests since Arab Spring-inspired demonstrations in 2011.

Al-Hoceima and other towns in the Rif region have a long history of dissent against the "Makhzen," the royal establishment in the North African kingdom where the king still holds ultimate authority despite ceding some powers to ease popular demands in 2011.

According to activists present on Friday, a preacher in a local mosque criticised the so-called Hirak protests as "inciting unrest". In response, Nasser Zefzafi, leader of the "Hirak" movement, interrupted the sermon in the mosque.

"These are mosques of God, not of the Makhzen," Zefzafi said to chants of support among prayer-goers in a video widely circulated on social media.

What Morocco's monarchy should do instead of repressing protesters
Mohammed Masbah
Read More »

Activists and local residents said people took to the streets around Zefzafi's home in the city, and clashes broke out between police and his supporters. There was a heavy security presence in the area that the activists said was an attempt to arrest him.

State news agency MAP confirmed an arrest warrant was issued for Zefzafi and an investigation had been opened into him and those with him during the mosque incident.

The interior ministry did not respond to a request for details on the incident. But the Ministry of Islamic Affairs, charged with overseeing Friday prayer sermons, denounced Zefzafi's actions as an "enormous disorder".

"The law stipulates sanctions against those who hinder religious rites," a statement by the ministry read. "This incident constitutes vile behaviour."

The penal code punishes those who hinder religious ceremonies with a prison term ranging from six months to three years, and with fines.

"These sort of actions merit arrest, but I do not know whether or not authorities have arrested him," one government official told Reuters.

Zefzafi later appeared on social media, where he released a video from an undisclosed location, assuring supporters he was free and urging them to remain peaceful. He also said the government is trying to arrest him out of fear from the "historic" protests in Rif.

"I asked the police why they're doing this," one activist told Reuters. "They told me there's a warrant out for Zefzafi's arrest."

One eyewitness said people were out on the street and security forces responded forcefully.

Moroccan authorities usually police protests heavily, nervous about unrest since the 2011 demonstrations. During those protests, the king devolved some of his authority to an elected government in a constitutional reform.

Thousands of Moroccans marched under the watch of police in Al-Hoceima last week, waving banners proclaiming "Are you a government or a gang?"

Stay informed with MEE's newsletters

Sign up to get the latest alerts, insights and analysis, starting with Turkey Unpacked

Middle East Eye delivers independent and unrivalled coverage and analysis of the Middle East, North Africa and beyond. To learn more about republishing this content and the associated fees, please fill out this form. More about MEE can be found here.