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Turkey PM ends first coalition talks with only one partner in sight

While many obstacles remain in the way of a grand coalition in Turkey, an AKP-CHP partnership is still a possibility
Turkish Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu with pro-Kurdish People's Democratic Party (HDP) leaders Selahattin Demirtas and Figen Yuksekdag in Ankara on 15 July (AFP)

Turkish Prime Minister Ahmet Davutoglu on Wednesday wrapped up a first round of coalition talks, with only one party showing a clear interest in an alliance.

The premier has this week met all three of Turkey's opposition parties after his ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) failed in 7 June polls to win an overall majority for the first time since it came to power in 2002.

Davutoglu on Wednesday met the leaders of the pro-Kurdish Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP), the first time a pro-Kurdish party has been involved in coalition talks in Turkey.

"An alliance in a coalition with the HDP does not seem to be on the agenda," Davutoglu told reporters after the meeting with HDP co-chiefs Selahattin Demirtas and Figen Yuksekdag.

And while coalition with HDP is not in sight, Wednesday was a significant moment in Turkish politics after the prime minister held talks with the leaders of the country's only pro-Kurdish party in parliament.

The premier had on Monday met officials from the second-placed Republican People's Party (CHP), which did not rule out taking part in a coalition with the AKP while insisting on several conditions.

However officials from the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP), who he met Tuesday, refused to enter a coalition with the AKP.

Analysts say a so-called "grand coalition" between the AKP and CHP could be viable but still faces numerous stumbling blocks, in particular over the role of strongman President Recep Tayyip Erdogan.

Davutoglu has 45 days to agree a coalition and if he fails to do so Erdogan has the right to call snap new elections.

Further coalition talks are expected next week after several days of holiday in Turkey marking the holy Muslim month of Ramadan.

"The only viable coalition option still seems to be an AKP and CHP coalition," said Ozgur Altug at BGC partners in Istanbul in a note to clients after the latest talks.

"If this is not the case, elections might be repeated."

Political figures have also said a grand coalition between AKP and CHP is possible and favourable for Turkey.

MHP leader Devlet Bahceli said in a statement, reported by Hurriyet Daily News: “Under today’s conditions in Turkey, the formation of a coalition by the AKP and the CHP should be accomplished without delay."

The HDP scored a huge breakthrough in the elections, taking 80 seats, as many as the MHP. The sheer fact of a Kurdish party holding coalition talks with the premier would have been unthinkable a few years ago.

Critics accuse the party of being the political shop window of the Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK) which has fought a deadly insurgency in the southeast against the Turkish state for decades.

Davutoglu called on the HDP to be "reasonable" and adopt a "clear and transparent position against violence."

But while the possibility for a grand coalition remains in sight, experts believe a prolongued uncertainty in Turkey's political future will have negative repercussions on the country’s economy.

Uncertainty about the formation of Turkey's next government poses a risk to economic growth and the best scenario would be a strong coalition agreement rather than a fresh election, the Daily Sabah quoted Finance Minister Mehmet Simsek as saying on Wednesday.

"Having an election again is of course a negative scenario because another election means in a sense facing uncertainty through virtually the whole of 2015," Simsek said.