UNRWA services closed in Gaza in protest over US threats to cut aid
Schools, clinics and food distribution centres in the Gaza Strip were closed on Monday after 13,000 employees of the United Nations agency that serves the Palestinians walked out.
The Palestinian employees have been angered by a US decision to cut its annual contribution towards the running of the United Nations' Relief and Welfare Agency (UNRWA), which runs 278 schools in Gaza attended by some 300,000 students.
UNRWA is funded mainly by voluntary contributions from UN member states, with the United States by far the largest donor. Washington announced on 16 January it would hold back $65m - more than half its planned contribution this year - and demanded that the agency make unspecified reforms.
'I have a family of nine and I have never felt afraid for my job like today. US aid cuts will affect the entire community'
- Ahmed Abu Suleiman, teacher
Those joining Monday's action said the US funding cut would worsen hardship in the Gaza Strip, and they marched to the UN headquarters in Gaza City waving Palestinian flags and brandishing banners that read "Dignity is priceless."
"I have a family of nine and I have never felt afraid for my job like today. US aid cuts will affect the entire community," said 59-year-old English teacher Ahmed Abu Suleiman.
UNRWA spokesman Abu Hasna said the agency, which has launched an international appeal for funds, had enough money for three months of operations.
"We appreciate the fear and concern of employees for their jobs and for possible cuts in services," he said.
More than half of the two million people in the Gaza Strip are dependent on support from UNRWA and other humanitarian agencies. Unemployment in the enclave stands at 46 percent.
Although the action was characterised as a "strike", UNRWA's spokesperson Chris Gunness denied this.
"Contrary to some reports, there was no strike in Gaza today and UNRWA installations across Gaza were not closed because of industrial action," he told Middle East Eye in a statement.
"There was a memorable and peaceful solidarity walk by thousands of UNRWA employees from our office in Gaza City to the UNESCO office to hand over a letter to the President of the General Assembly, expressing concern about funding reductions and their potential impact.
"While people stayed away from work for a few hours, UNRWA had a prior deal with the Staff Union that essential services like food distribution would not be disrupted."
The move comes amid Palestinian anger over US President Donald Trump's 6 December decision to recognise Jerusalem as Israel's capital.
Speaking at the World Economic Forum in Davos last week, Trump criticised the Palestinian leadership for refusing to meet Vice President Mike Pence during his visit to the region and suggested such behaviour provided grounds for cutting aid.
"When they disrespected us a week ago by not allowing our great vice president to see them, and we give them hundreds of millions of dollars in aid and support, tremendous numbers, numbers that nobody understands - that money is on the table and that money is not going to them unless they sit down and negotiate peace," Trump said.
UNRWA was established by the UN General Assembly in 1949 after hundreds of thousands of Palestinians fled or were expelled from their homes in the 1948 war that followed the creation of the state of Israel.
Jordan's King Abdullah on Monday urged the international community to "fulfil its responsibilities" towards Palestinians in Jerusalem and support UNRWA.
"The international community must fulfil its responsibilities to protect the rights of Palestinians, Arabs, Muslims and Christians in Jerusalem," Abdullah said, according to a palace statement.
The city is "the key to achieving peace and stability in the region," he said.
East Jerusalem was under Jordanian adminstration before Israel occupied it during the 1967 Six-Day War.
Israel, which signed a peace treaty with Jordan in 1994, recognises the kingdom's status as custodian of the city's holy sites.
Jordan in December called Trump's move "a violation of decisions of international law and the United Nations charter".