Skip to main content

Egypt: Poet jailed for criticising army attempted suicide in prison

Galal al-Behairy has been in custody for five years for allegedly insulting soldiers in a poem. He recently began a hunger strike
Pen International has denounced the detention of Galal al-Behairy, holding the government responsible for his life (Twitter)

Egyptian poet Galal al-Behairy attempted to kill himself in prison where he has been held for five years, according to the Pen International rights group.

"Behairy, an honorary member of English PEN, attempted to commit suicide on 9 September," the organisation said in a statement on Monday. The freedom of expression NGO said Behairy's suicide attempt took place four days after he resumed a hunger strike "in protest against his prolonged arbitrary detention".

Behairy, currently held in Badr Prison 1, was sentenced to three years in prison in the summer of 2018 for writing a book of poetry allegedly criticising the Egyptian army. 

He was found guilty of "blasphemy", publishing “false news” and “insulting the military establishment” and fined $560.

He faced a simultaneous trial at a civilian court over the same charges, according to his lawyer.

Stay informed with MEE's newsletters

Sign up to get the latest alerts, insights and analysis, starting with Turkey Unpacked


Behairy was arrested on 3 March 2018 after the release of Balaha, a song that indirectly poked fun at Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, the former defence minister who came to power after a military coup in 2013.

Shady Habash, the film director and photographer who directed the song, died in Tora prison three years ago, in circumstances rights groups denounced as medical negligence that led to his death. 

Ramy Essam, who performed the song, is currently in exile in Sweden.

"We are deeply concerned about his health and well-being and hold the Egyptian authorities fully responsible for his suicide attempt," Pen said.

Although Behairy was due to be released two years ago, the public prosecution brought new charges against him and ordered his pre-trial detention on charges of "joining a terrorist group and spreading false news".

The Egyptian Commission for Rights and Freedom reported in March that he had launched a hunger strike for three months to protest his mistreatment in jail and the authorities' denial of basic needs, such as pen and paper, and the restrictions on his visits.

On 5 September, he restarted his hunger strike, according to the commission.

Pen said that Behairy reached "the maximum legal limit of pre-trial detention" on that same day.

"We are devastated to hear that such a prominent young poet nearly lost his life in prison, and are relieved to learn that he survived his suicide attempt," Burhan Sonmez, Pen International's president, said.

Behairy "has done nothing but write poetry. He should be living his life as a free man... not languishing in prison", he said.

If you need support in the UK, then the Samaritans can be contacted at [email protected] or on 116 123. For the US, please try the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline on 1-800-273-8255. For other countries, please see

Middle East Eye delivers independent and unrivalled coverage and analysis of the Middle East, North Africa and beyond. To learn more about republishing this content and the associated fees, please fill out this form. More about MEE can be found here.