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Egypt protester killed on eve of uprising anniversary

Female demonstrator was killed in clashes with police during a rare leftwing protest in Cairo
Egyptians respond to security forces with fireworks as they stage a demonstration in Al Haram neighbourhood of Giza on 23 January, 2015 (AFP)

A female demonstrator was killed in clashes with Egyptian police during a rare leftwing protest in central Cairo Saturday, the eve of the anniversary of the 2011 uprising against Hosni Mubarak, an official said.

Fellow protesters said Shaimah al-Sabbagh, a writer who was active with the Alexandria branch of the Popular Communist Coalition, was hit with birdshot fired at close range by police.

Footage posted online shortly after Sabbagh's death shows her being carried by a fellow protester, who is trying to find a taxi so she can be transferred to hospital.

Her death was initially denied by paramedics, but a health ministry spokesperson later announced that Sabbagh had died of birdshot wounds. 

Supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood have called for protests on Sunday in a bid to revive the "revolution" that overthrew Mubarak and briefly brought a Brotherhood member to power as president in the country's first free presidential elections.

Police have warned they would confront protests "decisively".

Police have cracked down on the Islamists since the military overthrew Mubarak successor Mohamed Morsi in 2013 after a year in power, and hundreds of his supporters have been killed.

The crackdown has also extended to leftwing and secular dissidents who initially supported Morsi's overthrow but have since turned against the new authorities, accusing them of being authoritarian.

Saturday's central Cairo protest was organised by the Socialist Popular Alliance party.

"The party decided to hold a symbolic protest to commemorate the anniversary of the January 25 revolution," said member Adel el-Meligy.

Police "fired tear gas, birdshot and arrested the party's secretary general and five other young members," he told AFP.

Egypt’s President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi acknowledged on Tuesday that police committed rights abuses after the overthrow of his Islamist predecessor, but said they were expected given the "exceptional" security threats faced by Egypt.

A crackdown overseen by Sisi against supporters of his predecessor Mohammed Morsi has left hundreds dead since the then army chief toppled the Muslim Brotherhood leader in July 2013.

Thousands of Morsi backers have also been imprisoned, and dozens sentenced to death after speedy trials which the United Nations says are "unprecedented in recent history".

Several youth activists who spearheaded the 2011 revolt against former autocratic president Hosni Mubarak are also serving jail terms for protesting illegally.

"Nobody is against human rights... but today Egypt is in an exceptional condition... is it possible that there would be no violations?" asked Sisi.

"There will be violations. But do we approve them? No," he said in an address to police officers and ministers ahead of the annual national police day on January 25.

On national police day in 2011, millions of civilians launched protests against Mubarak, expressing their anger against the then-reviled police force.

Since Morsi's 2013 ouster, the police have been back on the streets in full force amid accusations that Sisi's regime is even more authoritarian than that of Mubarak, who quit after an 18-day uprising.

Sisi has repeatedly said that ensuring stability in politically tumultuous Egypt is a top priority ahead of promoting democratic freedoms.

"I am more concerned for human rights than anyone else," said Sisi, after awarding families of police officers killed in security operations.

"But come and look at the millions of families... the modest Egyptians who live in regions that need to be improved. What about their rights?"

Sisi defended an ongoing security operation in the restive Sinai Peninsula, where he said 208 militants have been killed by the security forces in more than a year.

The president said 955 people had been arrested in the region, which borders Israel, but more than half had been released.

"These figures show that...we make sure that innocent people are not killed," he said, adding that the situation in Sinai would take a while to resolve.

Militants have stepped up attacks against security forces on the peninsula since Morsi’s ouster, and in October 2014 a full-scale crackdown was launched after a huge suicide bomb attack killed more than 30 soldiers.

Officials say militants have killed scores of policemen and soldiers in Sinai and other parts of the country.

- See more at: http://www.middleeasteye.net/news/egyptian-president-admits-rights-abuses-police-851617609#sthash.gqNwY0vP.dpuf

On Tuesday, Egypt’s President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi acknowledged that police committed rights abuses after the overthrow of his elected predecessor, but said they were expected given the "exceptional" security threats faced by Egypt.

"Nobody is against human rights... but today Egypt is in an exceptional condition... is it possible that there would be no violations?" asked Sisi.

"There will be violations. But do we approve them? No," he said in an address to police officers and ministers ahead of the annual national police day on January 25.

On national police day in 2011, millions of civilians launched protests against Mubarak, expressing their anger against the then-reviled police force.

Since Morsi's 2013 ouster, the police have been back on the streets in full force amid accusations that Sisi's regime is even more authoritarian than that of Mubarak, who quit after an 18-day uprising.