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Syria opposition urges Russia to push Damascus over peace settlement

A new round of Syria peace talks backed by power brokers Russia, Iran and Turkey began on Thursday in Astana

Representatives of the Syria government and rebel groups with other attendees take part in the session of Syria peace talks in Astana on 31 October (AFP)

Syria's opposition on Thursday said it was more important "than ever before" that Russia push Bashar al-Assad's government towards a political settlement, as new peace talks kicked off in Kazakhstan.

A new round of Syria peace talks backed by power brokers Russia, Iran and Turkey began on Thursday in the Kazakh capital Astana as major powers seek to revive a hobbled peace process.

Delegations from the three countries along with Syrian government representatives and a 20-strong opposition delegation had all arrived in the Kazakh capital Astana for two days of talks, a Kazakh foreign ministry spokesman said.

The UN's envoy for Syria, Staffan de Mistura, is expected to attend the second day of talks on Friday, the ministry added. 

On Thursday, de Mistura will meet Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov in Moscow.

In Astana, the Syrian opposition delegation urged Russia to push Assad's government towards a peace settlement.

"We are asking the Russian side, now more than ever before, to put pressure on the regime to push it towards a political settlement," the delegation said in a statement after meeting with a United Nations team.

"The detainees are the priority for the military delegation. We will focus on this cause with the Russian delegation," the statement added, referring to thousands of people held in government prisons.

The Syrian negotiators will also focus on the reinforcement of the ceasefire, especially in the de-escalation zones, as well as the lifting of sieges on all towns and villages and the delivery of assistance to those in need, the statement said.

Syria's SANA state news agency reported that Russia's delegation had "met separately with the Iranian and Turkish delegations."

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"After the bilateral meetings, there will be a trilateral meeting between the three sponsor states," it said.

The negotiations should conclude with a plenary session involving all the parties on Friday. 

The eighth round of talks comes after Russian President Vladimir Putin ordered a partial withdrawal of Russian forces during a surprise visit to the war-torn country last week.

Moscow leading talks

Moscow has spearheaded the talks in Astana since the start of the year as it tries to turn its game-changing military intervention in Syria into a negotiated settlement. 

The Kremlin also hopes to convene a political congress in the Black Sea resort of Sochi which would bring together government officials and the opposition to reinvigorate a hobbled peace process.

Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said on Thursday there were currently "no dates" for the Sochi congress as of yet.  

"The most important thing here is preparedness. No one is trying to artificially accelerate this process," Peskov told reporters.

Since the start of Syria's war in 2011, numerous diplomatic attempts to halt the conflict have stumbled, mainly over Assad's future. 

A fragile ceasefire brokered at the end of last year by Moscow and rebel-aligned Ankara has been bolstered somewhat by the negotiations in Astana, which began in January.

Recent rounds of talks in Kazakhstan have focused on implementing a Russia-led plan for four "de-escalation zones" to stem fighting between government and rebels.

A year on from the devastating and strategically crucial victory in Aleppo, Damascus has consolidated control over much of the country, wresting territory from militant factions not party to the truce, particularly the Islamic State group.

Diplomatic contacts between the major parties in the conflict have intensified in recent months, but there is no sign that Damascus and its armed opponents are any closer to a political settlement.  

The Astana talks have run in parallel to negotiations taking place in Geneva with the backing of the United Nations.

Both the Astana and Geneva negotiations have failed to bear much fruit, and the planned Sochi congress appears to be Moscow's attempt to force the pace in a bid for a political settlement.

But representatives of the opposition have expressed fears the congress could prove a distraction from the UN negotiations.

The war has left more than 340,000 people dead, according to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.