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UN releases list of companies with ties to illegal Israeli settlements

Airbnb, Booking.com, Expedia, JCB, Opodo, TripAdvisor and Motorola among 112 firms named by the Human Rights Council
A representation of a map with the colours of the Palestinian flag reading "Jerusalem is the eternal capital of Palestine" is placed on a fence as a Jewish settlement is seen in the West Bank (Reuters)

The UN Human Rights Council (OHCHR) has released a long-anticipated list of companies that operate in illegal Israeli settlements.

More than 100 companies are listed in the document, including 18 international companies, who are working in settlements across the occupied West Bank and East Jerusalem.

International companies placed in the document include Airbnb, Booking.com, Expedia, JCB, Opodo, TripAdvisor and Motorola Solutions. 

Michelle Bachelet, the UN high commissioner for human rights, said the list was conducted "after an extensive and meticulous review process".

“I am conscious this issue has been and will continue to be, highly contentious,” Bachelet said in a statement.

“However, after an extensive and meticulous review process, we are satisfied this fact-based report reflects the serious consideration that has been given to this unprecedented and highly complex mandate, and that it responds appropriately to the Human Rights Council’s request contained in resolution 31/36.” 

Companies linked to illegal Israeli settlements by the UN

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Business enterprise

State concerned

1

Afikim Public Transportation Ltd.

Israel

2

Airbnb Inc.

United States

3

American Israeli Gas Corporation Ltd.

Israel

4

Amir Marketing and Investments in Agriculture Ltd.

Israel

5

Amos Hadar Properties and Investments Ltd.

Israel

6

Angel Bakeries

Israel

7

Archivists Ltd.

Israel

8

Ariel Properties Group

Israel

9

Ashtrom Industries Ltd.

Israel

10

Ashtrom Properties Ltd.

Israel

11

Avgol Industries 1953 Ltd.

Israel

12

Bank Hapoalim B.M.

Israel

13

Bank Leumi Le-Israel B.M.

Israel

14

Bank of Jerusalem Ltd.

Israel

15

Beit Haarchiv Ltd.

Israel

16

Bezeq, the Israel Telecommunication

Corp Ltd.

Israel

17

Booking.com B.V.

Netherlands

18

C Mer Industries Ltd.

Israel

19

Café Café Israel Ltd.

Israel

20

Caliber 3

Israel

21

Cellcom Israel Ltd.

Israel

22

Cherriessa Ltd.

Israel

23

Chish Nofei Israel Ltd.

Israel

24

Citadis Israel Ltd.

Israel

25

Comasco Ltd.

Israel

26

Darban Investments Ltd.

Israel

27

Delek Group Ltd.

Israel

28

Delta Israel

Israel

29

Dor Alon Energy in Israel 1988 Ltd.

Israel

30

Egis Rail

France

31

Egged, Israel Transportation Cooperative Society Ltd.

Israel

32

Energix Renewable Energies Ltd.

Israel

33

EPR Systems Ltd.

Israel

34

Extal Ltd.

Israel

35

Expedia Group Inc.

United States

36

Field Produce Ltd.

Israel

37

Field Produce Marketing Ltd.

Israel

38

First International Bank of Israel Ltd.

Israel

39

Galshan Shvakim Ltd.

Israel

40

General Mills Israel Ltd.

Israel

41

Hadiklaim Israel Date Growers Cooperative Ltd.

Israel

42

Hot Mobile Ltd.

Israel

43

Hot Telecommunications Systems Ltd.

Israel

44

Industrial Buildings Corporation Ltd.

Israel

45

Israel Discount Bank Ltd.

Israel

46

Israel Railways Corporation Ltd.

Israel

47

Italek Ltd.

Israel

48

JC Bamford Excavators Ltd.

United Kingdom

49

Jerusalem Economy Ltd.

Israel

50

Kavim Public Transportation Ltd.

Israel

51

Lipski Installation and Sanitation Ltd.

Israel

52

Matrix IT Ltd.

Israel

53

Mayer Davidov Garages Ltd.

Israel

54

Mekorot Water Company Ltd.

Israel

55

Mercantile Discount Bank Ltd.

Israel

56

Merkavim Transportation Technologies Ltd.

Israel

57

Mizrahi Tefahot Bank Ltd.

Israel

58

Modi'in Ezrachi Group Ltd.

Israel

59

Mordechai Aviv Taasiot Beniyah 1973 Ltd.

Israel

60

Motorola Solutions Israel Ltd.

Israel

61

Municipal Bank Ltd.

Israel

62

Naaman Group Ltd.

Israel

63

Nof Yam Security Ltd.

Israel

64

Ofertex Industries 1997 Ltd.

Israel

65

Opodo Ltd.

United Kingdom

66

Bank Otsar Ha-Hayal Ltd.       

Israel

67

Partner Communications Company Ltd.

Israel

68

Paz Oil Company Ltd.

Israel

69

Pelegas Ltd.

Israel

70

Pelephone Communications Ltd.

Israel

71

Proffimat S.R. Ltd.

Israel

72

Rami Levy Chain Stores Hashikma Marketing 2006 Ltd.

Israel

73

Rami Levy Hashikma Marketing Communication Ltd.

Israel

74

Re/Max Israel

Israel

75

Shalgal Food Ltd.

Israel

76

Shapir Engineering and Industry Ltd.

Israel

77

Shufersal Ltd.

Israel

78

Sonol Israel Ltd.

Israel

79

Superbus Ltd.

Israel

80

Supergum Industries 1969 Ltd.

Israel

81

Tahal Group International B.V.

Netherlands

82

TripAdvisor Inc.

United States

83

Twitoplast Ltd.

Israel

84

Unikowsky Maoz Ltd.

Israel

85

YES

Israel

86

Zakai Agricultural Know-how and inputs Ltd.

Israel

87

ZF Development and Construction

Israel

88

ZMH Hammermand Ltd.

Israel

89

Zorganika Ltd.

Israel

90

Zriha Hlavin Industries Ltd.

Israel

 

91

Alon Blue Square Israel Ltd.

Israel

92

Alstom S.A.

France

93

Altice Europe N.V.

Netherlands

94

Amnon Mesilot Ltd.

Israel

95

Ashtrom Group Ltd.

Israel

96

Booking Holdings Inc.

United States

97

Brand Industries Ltd.

Israel

98

Delta Galil Industries Ltd.

Israel

99

eDreams ODIGEO S.A.

Luxembourg

100

Egis S.A.

France

101

Electra Ltd.

Israel

102

Export Investment Company Ltd.

Israel

103

General Mills Inc.

United States

104

Hadar Group

Israel

105

Hamat Group Ltd.

Israel

106

Indorama Ventures P.C.L.

Thailand

107

Kardan N.V.

Netherlands

108

Mayer's Cars and Trucks Co. Ltd.

Israel

109

Motorola Solutions Inc.

United States

110

Natoon Group

Israel

111

Villar International Ltd.

Israel

 

112

Greenkote P.L.C.

United Kingdom

The report also noted that 60 companies had been taken off a previous list compiled by the OHCHR.

The list came after the Human Rights Council passed resolution 31/36 in 2016 and requested information on companies "involved in certain specified activities related to the Israeli settlements in the Occupied Palestinian Territory".

Former UN High Commissioner Zeid Raad al-Hussein also confirmed that the companies listed came from information that was publicly available and from a variety of sources. 

Companies listed, according to the rights council, have facilitated the construction of settlements, supplied surveillance equipment for them, or provided security services to enterprises operating there.

'The database marks critical progress in the global effort to ensure businesses end complicity in rights abuse and respect international law'

- Bruno Stagno, HRW

Israeli settlements in land conquered by Israel in the 1967 Middle East war are deemed illegal under international law. 

Other categories mentioned in the report include supplying equipment for demolition of housing and partaking in practices that "disadvantage" Palestinian businesses via the use of restrictions to movement. 

Commenting on the release of the list, the Palestinian-led Boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions movement, said the UN was "significant" but "incomplete".

"The database is incomplete. All companies that are complicit in Israel's apartheid regime and its grave violations of Palestinian rights under international law must be added to ensure accountability," BDS said in a statement.  

Bruno Stagno, deputy executive director for advocacy at Human Rights Watch, said it should put all companies intending to work in Israeli settlements "on notice". 

“The long-awaited release of the UN settlement business database should put all companies on notice: to do business with illegal settlements is to aid in the commission of war crimes," Stagno said in a statement. 

"The database marks critical progress in the global effort to ensure businesses end complicity in rights abuse and respect international law. The UN’s top rights body should ensure that the database is regularly updated to assist companies in complying with their international legal obligations.”

Last year, several rights groups criticised the "unexplained" and "open-ended" delay in the release of the UN database. No reason, however, was given by the rights council for the continued delay behind the blacklist's release.