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WATCH: Sultan Qaboos in rare appearance for Rouhani's first Oman visit

Qaboos looks frail receiving Rouhani as Iranian president makes first visit to Gulf states Oman and Kuwait since 2013 election
Iran's President Hassan Rouhani walks on the red carpet with Oman's Sultan Qaboos during a welcoming ceremony in Muscat, Oman on 15 February, 2017 (Reuters)

Iranian President Hassan Rouhani said his country sought good relations with its Gulf Arab neighbours as he began a one-day trip to Oman and Kuwait on Wednesday, his first since taking power in 2013.

Omani state news agency ONA reported that the country's ruler, Sultan Qaboos, welcomed Rouhani with a 21-gun salute when he arrived at the al-Alam Palace in the capital Muscat.

Omani media showed Qaboos receiving Rouhani outside the palace, a rare public appearance for the Sultan since he returned from medical treatment in Germany in April last year.

"The basis of the policy of the Islamic Republic of Iran is always good neighbourly relations with neighbours and the security of the Persian Gulf," Rouhani said, according to the Islamic Republic News Agency (IRNA).

Rouhani also said there should be greater unity between Shias and Sunnis, saying they had "coexisted side by side peacefully for hundreds of years", IRNA reported.

Rouhani was due in Kuwait later on Wednesday for talks with the emir, Sheikh Sabah al-Ahmad al-Sabah, expected to include efforts to ease tensions between Tehran and Riyadh.

Rare visit

Kuwait's foreign minister made a rare visit to Tehran in late January and called for frank dialogue between Iran and its regional neighbours.

Relations between predominantly Shia Iran and the mainly Sunni Arab countries of the Gulf, particularly Saudi Arabia, remain strained over their support for opposing sides in the conflicts in Syria and Yemen.

The Omani agency said the two sides discussed ways for enhancing bilateral cooperation but gave no further details. Oman helped to mediate secret US-Iran talks in 2013 that led to the historic nuclear deal signed between Iran and world powers in Geneva two years later.

Qaboos became the first Arab head of state to visit Iran after Rouhani took office.

In 2013, the two countries signed an agreement to supply Iranian gas to Oman through a pipeline to be built under the Gulf in a deal valued at $60 billion.

Saudi Arabia and Bahrain cut diplomatic relations with Iran in January 2016 after protesters torched the Saudi embassy in Tehran. Kuwait, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates recalled their envoys in a show of solidarity with Riyadh, but Oman only expressed regret over the attack, highlighting its better ties.

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