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Clashes rock Jerusalem mosque compound on last day of Eid

Palestinians are concerned that Israel may change the rules governing how the al-Aqsa mosque compound is managed in Jerusalem
Israeli security forces descend on the Al Aqsa compound in Jerusalem's Old City (AFP)

Clashes broke out between Palestinians and Israeli security forces at Jerusalem's flashpoint Al-Aqsa mosque compound on Sunday, the last day of the Muslim Eid al-Adha holiday, police said.

A police statement said young Palestinians "threw stones and fireworks at police and border police forces," who responded with "riot dispersal means".

Calm returned to the compound later in the morning and most police had withdrawn but Palestinian activists remained inside, AFP correspondents reported.

Palestinians have been alarmed by an increase in visits by Jews and fear rules governing the compound will be changed.

Al-Aqsa, the third holiest site in Islam, is also venerated by Jews as the Temple Mount and is considered the most sacred place in Judaism.

Jews are allowed to visit but not to pray to avoid provoking tensions.

Visits by Jews were stopped on Sunday and age restrictions on Muslim men entering the compound lifted.

But recent weeks have seen a series of Jewish holidays during which there has an been an uptick in visits by Jews that have sparked repeated clashes.

The northern branch of the Islamic Movement in Israel and the Higher Arab Monitoring Committee (HAMC), which represents Arab communities in Israel, had urged Muslims to go to the compound to defend it. 

AFP correspondents saw around 150 people at the compound sporting green Islamic Movement caps.

"We’re going to stay here for the whole day, we want to prevent the Jews from attacking Al-Aqsa," a Palestinian woman who gave her name as Hala told AFP.

Several Palestinian members of the Israeli parliament were also present at the compound.

Islamic Movement official Sheikh Qairi Eskender said: "We’re afraid they want to divide the Aqsa compound, because the Jewish extremists want to take control of Al-Aqsa. 

"Our goal today is to prevent Al-Aqsa from being tarnished by their visits," Eskender told AFP.

"In the coming days, we’ll have people staying here."

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has said repeatedly that there will be no change to the rules governing the compound despite the views of some hardliners within his governing coalition.