Skip to main content

EXCLUSIVE: Turkey to abandon some observation stations in Syria's Idlib

Withdrawal comes as Russians hinder resupply efforts and Damascus stokes protests against Turkish presence
A Syrian army soldier looks at a Turkish military observation post in al-Rashidin district, in Aleppo's southwestern countryside in January (AFP)

Turkey has decided to abandon some of its military positions in Syria’s Idlib province, including observation stations established under a deal with Russia, Middle East Eye can reveal.

Turkey set up 12 ceasefire observation stations in and around Idlib following a 2017 agreement that warded off a Russian-backed Syrian government offensive that threatened to collapse rebel rule in the province and force millions of refugees to the Turkish border.

However two people familiar with the decision told MEE that the Turkish military will now withdraw from four observation stations and two military sites that were surrounded by Syrian government forces earlier this year during a fresh assault on the rebel-held province.

“The observation stations are in the areas that are hard to defend in the current predicament, such as Morek and Shir Maghar,” one of the people said. “The military sites are near Saraqeb.”

A Turkish military official denied Ankara was withdrawing from the positions.

Stay informed with MEE's newsletters

Sign up to get the latest alerts, insights and analysis, starting with Turkey Unpacked


Turkey’s decision to withdraw from these areas comes as a surprise, as Ankara has been adamant that it will hold onto them as leverage in future negotiations with Moscow and Damascus.

Idlib is of paramount importance to the Turkish leadership because it believes it cannot afford another Syrian refugee crisis in the middle of a troubling economic situation, particularly with xenophobic resentment against Syrians on the rise in Turkey.

Ankara and Moscow's 2017 deal largely cooled the Syrian conflict, which is now approaching its 10th anniversary. However, when hostilities resumed in February, advancing Syrian government forces killed nearly 60 Turkish soldiers deployed in northern Syria, ratcheting up tensions.

In response, Ankara deployed hundreds of special forces troops, armoured vehicles, air defence systems, tanks and artillery. Turkish armed drones also pummelled Syrian military convoys and air defence systems.

A ceasefire deal between Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin reached in March didn't address the Turkish positions now surrounded by Damascus' forces.

Eight Turkish observation stations and five small fortified positions are currently encircled by Syrian troops.

Syrian government-organised protests aim to pressure Turkey in Idlib
Read More »

MEE's sources said the Turkish military has decided to withdraw following a series of developments. First, they said, Russia either blocked or severely impeded Turkey's ability to resupply its positions.

“The regime also brought so-called civilians in buses to near the military stations, pushing them to attack the Turkish soldiers. These were regime provocations,” one said.

Tensions between Turkey and Russia have risen after a series of talks between the two countries on Syria and Libya failed in Ankara last month. Both countries are now embroiled in a conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia as well.

Turkish officials believe Russia could trigger a conflict in Idlib at any moment it wishes, as they don’t want a new arrangement in the province that could stabilise the situation in the long term. Syrian President Bashar al-Assad is adamant he will regain all the territory lost to rebel and foreign forces since 2011.

Local Syrian opposition media has speculated that the Turkish military is readying itself for upcoming clashes by relocating its military stations.

The Turkish military, meanwhile, continues to deploy more troops to Idlib’s south to strengthen its defences.

This article is available in French on Middle East Eye French edition.

Middle East Eye delivers independent and unrivalled coverage and analysis of the Middle East, North Africa and beyond. To learn more about republishing this content and the associated fees, please fill out this form. More about MEE can be found here.