Skip to main content

Britain's ban on Hezbollah is hypocritical and unhelpful

The Lebanese movement needs to be engaged, not ostracised
A picture taken from the southern Lebanese village of Meiss el-Jabal on December 16, 2018, shows a UNIFIL soldier monitoring the border between Lebanon and Israel (AFP)

The UK's currently febrile political climate is being dominated by Brexit, as the country's politicians grapple with the uncertainty created by result of the referendum to leave the EU.

The result and its aftermath has also provoked some soul-searching about the UK’s place in the world and increased its dependency on some of its most questionable allies in the Middle East, as Britain grapples with the now very real prospect of life outside the world’s largest trading bloc.

Crass politicking

On Monday, Sajid Javid, the British home secretary, said in a statement that Britain would add Hezbollah, the Lebanese political party, in its entirety to its list of banned terrorist organisations.

Hezbollah's armed wing was already banned in 2008 but its political wing was not. Javid said that it was no longer tenable to maintain that there was a distinction between the political and military sides of the group.

Stay informed with MEE's newsletters

Sign up to get the latest alerts, insights and analysis, starting with Turkey Unpacked


This decision shines a light on some key developments in both the UK’s domestic politics and foreign policy.

Firstly, on the domestic front it represents a crass piece of politicking by ambitious Tory politicians, namely Javid and Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt, who are both keen to show, in light of the insecurity surrounding Theresa May's position, that they would make a plausible prime minister. 

It is a move that seeks to take advantage of the current debate around anti-semitism in the opposition Labour party, by highlighting leader Jeremy Corbyn’s alleged sympathies to Hezbollah.

It is a move that seeks to take advantage of the current debate around anti-semitism in the Labour party, through highlighting Corbyn’s alleged sympathies to Hezbollah

The wrong-headed equating of support for resistance to Israeli government policies in the Middle East with anti-semitism takes advantage of the lack of understanding amongst the UK public and politicians regarding the complexities of Lebanese politics and the wider politics and international relations of the Middle East. 

Britain's hypocrisy

That Hezbollah and its allies gained around 60 percent of the popular vote in last year’s parliamentary elections, are essential to Lebanon’s security and stability, and have acted as one of the most effective fighting forces against the Islamic State group (IS), has been lost on British decision makers.

Citing Hezbollah as a security threat, when the UK is struggling with the blow-back from its own IS recruits demonstrates just how far removed UK decision-makers are from reality.

Indeed, British armed forces, according to a Hezbollah official, sought out the movement's assistance in fighting IS in 2015, thus showing the rank hypocrisy that taints almost every British move in the Middle East. The UK’s unwelcome intervention into Lebanese politics shows that any semblance of even-handedness, such as that demonstrated by the UK’s siding with Europe over continued adherence to the Iran nuclear deal in the face of US pressure against Tehran, is merely a charade.

Britain's Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt (L) and Britain's Home Secretary Sajid Javid arrive for the weekly cabinet meeting at 10 Downing street in London on 15 January, 2019 (AFP)
Britain's Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt (L) and Home Secretary Sajid Javid are jockeying to replace Prime Minister Theresa May (AFP)

The UK inked one of its first post-Brexit trade agreements with Israel, continues to support its Saudi and Emirati allies with lethal weaponry to pursue their brutal war in Yemen, and shores up odious dictatorships in an attempt to boost its virtually stagnant economy.

The spectre of lobby groups 

This also begs questions about the integrity of the British foreign office (FCO). One can acknowledge the perverse manoeuvrings of ambitious politicians as being a motivating factor, but the supposed expertise and impartiality of the foreign office has been severely compromised by allowing such a short-sighted move to see the light of day.

Attempts to influence UK foreign policy are sadly following the model that has long predominated over the other side of the pond in Washington D.C.

The UK’s waning international reach has forced it into giving a sop to its allies in the Middle East

Now, in London we have the unwelcome spectre of lobbying groups with links to overseas regimes, holding events to try and influence UK decision-makers.

This can be seen in the moves of organisations such as the Tony Blair Institute for Global Change, an organisation set up ostensibly to promote globalisation for all.

A recent event hosted by the Tony Blair Institute at parliament, aimed squarely at proscribing Hezbollah and involving pro-Israeli politicians and lobbyists, shows that the pernicious motives of foreign regimes are finding a place, and potentially a receptive ear in the heart of UK-decision making.  

A waning reach

It appears that the FCO has followed the politicians and lobbyists' lead here, and the UK’s waning international reach has forced it into giving a sop to its allies in the Middle East as it desperately struggles to keep itself relevant.

What this shows us is that UK foreign policy is open to the highest bidder - something the government department has essentially admitted before - which has serious ramifications for the UK’s mission as a so-called force for good in international affairs.

An institution that prides itself on its mission to promote British "values", through active promotion of democracy, security and regional stability in the Middle East, should not be complicit in a move that is a blatant attempt to secure political capital by key cabinet members.  

Will Jeremy Corbyn be able to transform Britain's Middle East policies?
Read More »

In short it is a move that directly undermines the fragile Lebanese democratic process, thus showing scant regard for the UK’s purported values and will ultimately be counter-productive in terms of UK national security. Legitimate political actors such as Hezbollah need to be engaged, not ostracised. 

Labour politicians, and indeed any with a modicum of knowledge about the Middle East and who aren’t in thrall to foreign interests, would do well to push back against such misguided politicking.

Britain can only be taken seriously if it looks anew at the Middle East and casts off the imperial baggage that continues to cloud its reputation.

Recent noises from Labour have focused on plans for moving away from the laser-like focus on interests back towards values.

In doing so, current shadow foreign minister Emily Thornberry cited the obfuscating effect that previous UK governments’ obsessions with arms deals had on their ability to comprehend regional developments, particularly in relation to the Shah of Iran.

The current government would do well to heed this advice.

The views expressed in this article belong to the author and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of Middle East Eye.

Edward Wastnidge is a Lecturer in politics and international studies at the Open University, UK. His research looks at the politics and international relations of the Middle East with a particular focus on Iranian foreign policy, and cultural diplomacy. He has written widely on Iranian foreign policy and Middle Eastern affairs, and his monograph Diplomacy and Reform in Iran is available through Bloomsbury Press/I.B. Tauris.
Middle East Eye delivers independent and unrivalled coverage and analysis of the Middle East, North Africa and beyond. To learn more about republishing this content and the associated fees, please fill out this form. More about MEE can be found here.